Safe and Environmentally Sound Recycling of Ships enters into force in June 2025
The Hong Kong International Convention for the Safe and Environmentally Sound Recycling of Ships enters into force in June 2025. After 14 years after its adoption by the International Maritime Organization, the Hong Kong International Convention for the Safe and Environmentally Sound Recycling of Ships (Hong Kong Convention) has successfully been ratified and will enter into force in June 2025.
The Hong Kong International Convention for the Safe and Environmentally Sound Recycling of Ships, commonly referred to as the Hong Kong Convention (HKC), is an international treaty developed by the International Maritime Organization (IMO) to address the safe and environmentally sound recycling of ships.
The convention aims to provide a comprehensive framework for regulating ship recycling activities and ensuring that ships are recycled in a manner that protects human health, safety, and the environment. It specifically focuses on minimizing the potential risks and hazards associated with ship recycling, such as the improper handling and disposal of hazardous materials.
Key features of the Hong Kong Convention include:
Safety and environmental standards The convention sets out technical guidelines and standards for the safe and environmentally sound recycling of ships. It covers various aspects such as the design and construction of ship recycling facilities, the safe handling of hazardous materials on board ships, and the management of waste generated during the recycling process.
Authorization and certification The convention establishes a system for the authorization and certification of ship recycling facilities. Facilities that comply with the convention's requirements can obtain a "Statement of Compliance," which demonstrates their adherence to the safety and environmental standards outlined in the convention.
Ship recycling plan Shipowners are required to develop and maintain a Ship Recycling Plan for each ship under their ownership. This plan outlines the procedures and arrangements for the safe and environmentally sound recycling of the ship, including the selection of an authorized recycling facility.
Reporting and notification requirements Parties to the convention are required to maintain and update an inventory of hazardous materials on board ships, which must be provided to recycling facilities and relevant authorities. They are also obligated to notify the appropriate authorities when a ship will be sent for recycling.
The convention aims to improve the sustainability and safety of ship recycling practices globally once it is implemented.